For the very first week of my web design class, I had to read two articles. The first article, A Brief History of Markup, discusses the history of the language of the world-wide web. There are have been many incarnations of HTML (HyperText Markup Language) which is the language used for websites. There are so many acronyms that are used that it can be a little hard to follow, especially if no do not have a technical background on this topic. Here are some of the terms and the history:
IETF – Internet Engineering Task Force. This is the group that first published HTML2.0, which is the first incarnation of HTML. There never was an HTML1.
W3C – World Wide Web Consortium.This organization took the place of the IETF after this initial publication of HTML2.0. Many revisions took place until HTML4.01 was published in 1994.
XHTML – This was a stricter markup language that required publishers to follow rules that W3C was using as a “best practice”. Once XHTML1.1 was published, this created some issues with compatibility with Internet Explorer. Being that this was the most popular web browser at the time, this was a big deal. So the W3C decided to correct this with XHTML2.0 and thus created a divide within their group.
WHATWG – Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group was formed as a result of the dissatisfaction. They started working on HTML5 while W3C worked on XHTML2.0. Eventually the W3C decided that the work being done by WHATWG would be the basis for the future of HTML and that the charter for XHTML2.0 would not be renewed.
HTML5 is the version currently being worked on and is proposed to be ready for recommendation by 2022!
The second article for this week’s module, FTP Frequently Asked Questions, was a little less confusing. This article explained, essentially, how information is exchanged between computers. This article also helped me understand terms I see everyday but did not understand, just as the video lecture for this week’s module.